Born in 1957 in Paris, Christophe BEHAR is an engineer, graduated from the Ecole Centrale de Paris in 1982.
He joined the CEA (Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique) in Saclay in 1984 to work on the isotopic separation of uranium. After holding several positions of responsibility within the Department of enrichment processes, he became head of the Technology Department of Nuclear Fuel Enrichment at Pierrelatte in 1997. He contributed and supported the development processes of lithium isotope separation and uranium.
In October 2000 he was appointed as Director of a unit named "Materials and environmental monitoring" at the defence division of CEA (DAM). This direction is mainly responsible for supplying materials to manufacture nuclear weapons and for naval propulsion, for coordinating expertise from French nuclear companies regarding non-proliferation, and participating in collaboration with the Ministry of Interior, to the fight against nuclear terrorism.
Since January 2004 he is Director of the Research Centre CEA / DAM-Ile de France near Paris. This centre conducts research on high performance simulation and hosts the national Computing Centre for Research and Technology.
In parallel, he is a lecturer at the Ecole Centrale de Paris, and lecturer at the "Ecole Nationale Superieure des Techniques Avancees" on the nuclear fuel cycle.
Christophe BEHAR was auditor at the Institut des Hautes Etudes de Defense Nationale in 2002.
He is Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Merite.

High Performance Computing Center at CEA: applications and perspectives
Strong need for high performance computing in fundamental and applied research has driven the emergence of very large supercomputing facilities throughout the world. France is part of this race. In 2008, French research organizations have announced their plan for the development of such computing center included the one hosted by the CEA, Commissariat a'l'Energie Atomique, at Bruyeres-le-Chatel near Paris. The CEA is a government funded organization conducting research and development for energy, defence, and information technology for health and communication in academic as well as in industrial research. The focus of this talk will be to review some key applications in the field of seismological survey, life science, energy and aeronautics. In addition, the future development of the Scientific Computing Center of CEA, aiming at reaching a sustained several petaflops computing power on real applications by 2010 will be presented, in the framework of Ter@tec, HPC cluster in the Paris area, and the FP7 European Project PRACE.


  • Graduated at Padova University, in Chemical Engineering (1988)
  • Industrial Researcher at ENI Group (1988-1991)
  • Researcher in Metallurgy at Padova University (1991-2003)
  • Professor of Metallurgy at Padova University (2003-), at the Dept. of Management and Engineering of Padova University.
  • Scientific activity focussed on light alloys and composites, foundry processes and their simulation, innovative welding techniques.
  • Author/co-Author of more than 150 scientific and technical papers.
  • Co-Author of the book Diecasting of Aluminium alloys: numerical simulation of the process (1999).
  • Editor and Co-Author of the book Numerical Simulation of Foundry Processes (2001).
  • Co-Author of the book Alluminio "Manuale degli impieghi" (2004)
  • Scientific Coordinator of the EC Leonardo Pilot Project COPROFOUND (Computer simulated soft prototyping in foundry processes ?Contract n. I/99/2/011016/PI/II.1.1.a/CONT)(1999-2001)
  • Scientific Coordinator of the EC Leonardo Pilot Project METRO (Metallurgical training on-line "Contract n. I-04-B-F-PP-154035)(2005-2006)
  • Scientific Responsible for his Dept. of the Research Project IDEAL (Integrated Development Routes for Optimised Cast Aluminium Components ? Contract n. GRD2-2001-50042); leader of WP3 (Quality mapping) of this Project (2002-2005).
  • Scientific Responsible for his Dept. of the participation to the Thematic Network FENET (A thematic network for promoting best practice industrial application of finite element technology - Contract n. G1RT-CT-2001-05034)(2002-2005).
  • Scientific Responsible of the IP-SME Research Project NADIA (New Automotive components Designed for and manufactured by Intelligent processing of light Alloys - Contract n. 026563-2); leader of WP3 (Nano- and Micro-scale properties) of this project (2006-2010).
  • President of the Light Alloys Committee of the Italian Association of Metallurgy (since 2002).
  • President of the WG 10 (Castings) of UNIMET (the Italian Standardisation Board for non-ferrous metals) (since 1997).
  • Chairman of the International Conferences High Tech Die Casting (2004, 2006 and 2008).
  • Responsible of various research and training & education contracts for his Dept.
  • Winner of the A. Dacc Prize for the best Italian paper on foundry in 2000 and in 2004.

Multi-scale approach for new design solutions in automotive applications
The increased demand for new generation of vehicles desperately requires the development of light, tough, high strength components which can withstand the modern demands for cost effectiveness, safety and ecosustanaibility. Such a result can be achieved by a new simultaneous engineering & manufacturing approach, which is Intelligent Processing, basically consisting of
  • New and integrated multi-scale (Nano-, Micro- and Macro-scale = NM2) simultaneous engineering tools, to optimise the use of materials to produce multifunctional components;
  • Deeper knowledge (from nano- to macro-scale) about the materials (effects and interactions of alloying elements, criteria for selection of processes and alloys, new/innovated/low-cost light alloys, selected manufacturing processes);
  • Extensive use of simultaneous engineering, to develop/produce high tech components by the intelligent use of nano/micro technologies, multifunctional materials and casting processes.

Intelligent Processing approach can lead to excellent results when applied to light alloys (i.e. Al- and Mg- based alloys), which, if properly used by automotive engineers and designers, can satisfy mechanical, aesthetics, ecological and functional requirements with a substantial weight reduction and a potential reduction of the number of components.
The papers presents the development of intelligent processing systems to produce multifunctional, high-tech, integrated components for EU transport, carried out in the frame of NADIA (New Automotive components Designed for and manufactured by Intelligent processing of light Alloys) Project. After a general description of the multi-scale concepts applied to light alloys casting processes, the key-role of the correlations among microstructural parameters, numerical simulation and mechanical behaviour of the cast alloys, in view of the innovative design of automotive components, is highlighted.

A short extract of his CV:

PhD in Nuclear Engineering cum laude, University of Bologna, Bologna-Italy, 1976.
PhD in Mathematics cum laude, University of Bologna, Bologna-Italy, 1981.

Professor of Structural Mechanics, Politecnico di Torino, Torino-Italy, 1986-.
Founding Member and Director - Graduate School in Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Torino-Italy, 1990-.
President of the European Structural Integrity Society (ESIS), 2002-2006.
President of the International Association of Fracture Mechanics for Concrete and Concrete Structures (IA-FraMCoS), 2004-2007.
Senior Vicepresident of the International Congress on Fracture (ICF), 2005-2009.
Vicepresident of the National Research Institute of Metrology (INRIM), Torino-Italy, 2006-2009.
Member of the Congress Committee of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM), 2004-2008.

Author of over 500 papers (over 200 of which published in Refereed International Journals) on the following topics: fracture mechanics, material fatigue, thermoelasticity, seismic structures, reinforced concrete, structural monitoring, contact mechanics, fragmentation and comminution, drilling.
Author, book, "Mechanical Damage and Crack Growth in Concrete: Plastic Collapse to Brittle Fracture", Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht 1986.
Author, book, "Structural Mechanics: A Unified Approach", Chapman & Hall, London 1997.
Editor, book, "Applications of Fracture Mechanics to Reinforced Concrete", Elsevier Applied Science, London 1992.
Editor, book, "Size-Scale Effects in the Failure Mechanisms of Materials and Structures", Chapman & Hall, London 1996.
Editor, book, "Nonlinear Crack Models for Nonmetallic Materials", Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1999.
Editor, book, "Minimum Reinforcement in Concrete Members", Elsevier Science, Oxford 1999.

The ILTOF project: innovating continuing education in fracture mechanics, fatigue and integrity of structures
ILTOF - Innovative Learning and Training On Fracture - is a Leonardo da Vinci European Union co-funded Pilot Project, part of the European Vocational Training Action Programme. This lecture will provide a presentation of the motivations of the Project and an overview on the Project actions that have been undertaken in order to design, test, evaluate and disseminate innovative vocational training and lifelong learning practices.

After spending the first years of his carrier (FIAT AVIO, '91-'97) dealing with and deeply studying the technical aspects of components and aeromechanical systems design, Ing. Antonio Caruso started working in the coordination of designers' groups, applying criteria and organization methods of corporate use.

In 1997 he was in charge, as Design/Product Manager at Robert Bosh Braking Systems, in Bari, to work in the design, and related test runs, of brake callipers.

He has been afterwards in charge, as Drives and Mechanical Units Design Manager (AGUSTA Cascina Costa, '97-'00) to coordinate a group of about ten designers.

At the same time, in the framework of an international program, he was engaged in the coordination of an Italian- Chinese designers group. Furthermore he has been responsible for the BRIME-EURAM research programs within two European Consortiums with renowned helicopter companies and University departments.

From 2000 to 2004, he was Program Manager (AGUSTA Brindisi) for the technological transfer of productive activities concerning helicopter structure sections in composite material.

Since 2004, he has been in charge of "Structure Design", AGUSTAWESTLAND, Brindisi as R&D Manager.

Aerospace sheet metal flattening based on energy models
This paper presents a method for three-dimensional surface flattening, to be used in three dimensional sheet metal forming aerospace applications.
The method presented here can efficiently solve flattening problems for complex surfaces in aerospace industry applications.
Stl model from some CAD software is firstly imported to get the complex surfaces. Then, spring-mass models based on energy function are used to flatten the 3D mesh surfaces into 2D patterns.
The countured surface elastic deformation energy distribution can be displayed, and surface cutting lines can be determined to reduce distortion. The accuracy of a developed surface can be controlled locally.
Thus, compared to earlier methods, this method provides more flexibility for solving CAD and CAM problems.

Born in Milano, Italy, on 23 December 1961. Graduated in Physics in March 1985 from Bari University. PhD in Physics, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, 1989.

Major Appointments:
  • Since 2004 Roberto Cingolani is the Scientific Director of IIT (Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)
  • From 2004 to 2006 Coordinator in the organizing committee of the CNR Science of Matter Department
  • Since 2001 he is Director of the National Nanotechnology Laboratory (NNL) at Lecce University where he is currently leading an interdisciplinary team of about 220 researchers (including physicists, chemists, biologists, and engineers) and technicians.
  • Since 2000 Full Professor of General Physics at the Engineering faculty, University of Lecce.
  • From 1989 to 1991 he was staff member at the Max Planck Institut for Festkoerperforschung in Stuttgart (Germany).
  • Invited Professor at the Tokyo University in 1997

R. Cingolani is author or co-author of about 570 papers in international journals, and about 30 patents in the fields of Semiconductor physics, molecular electronics, bio-nanotechnologies, nanoelectronics, organics devices.

Nanomaterials with enhanced machanical and chemical perfomances
We provide a short overview of recent trends in nanocomposite materials. A combination of chemical and physical approaches to nano- and meta-materials is developed to accomplish enhanced macroscopic
characteristics (such as hardness, chemical reactivity, wettability, elasticity, shape control) in organic and inorganic nano-composites.
Examples include plastic nanofibers, multicomponent metallic/magnetic nanoparticles , high-performance fiber compounds, super-hydrophobic surfaces.


Nevio Di Giusto is Managing Director, CEO and General Manager of the FIAT S.C.p.A. Research Centre and of Elasis S.C.p.A., which are the main agencies for Research and Innovation within the Fiat Group. He took his degree in Aeronautic Engineering at the Politecnico in Turin, starting in 1978 his carrier at Fiat as responsible for a research project concerning vehicle aerodynamics. In 1992 he was named as Coordination Manager for Fiat Auto Style and in 1994 Manager in Design Innovation and Development. In 1997 he was then appointed Director of Fiat Auto Development Platform and Manager of Product Engineering afterward in 2001. Such role includes the management of different areas: Innovation, Product, Style, Design, Technical and Legislative Services, Process Methodologies. He has been Managing Director and General Manager of Elasis in Pomigliano (NA) since 2004, assuming the same role at the Fiat Research Centre in Orbassano (TO) in November 2005. He is also the President of the Fiat Executive Committee, as well as the President of ATA - Car Technical Association - since 2006 and in 2007 he was elected as Vice President of the Industrialists Association of Naples, having a proxy for Research and Innovation.

The CAX systems as enabling instruments for automotive innovation
The development of new automotive products is influenced by the following items: Market evolution and changes; New Competitors; Wide range of Products (Fragmentation); Technology mix (Mechanical/Electronics); World Wide Competition; Availability of new competitive components during life cycles; Alliances/ Share of Components-Systems/ Share of Production Sites; Innovation vs. Risks and Competitiveness. Furthermore there are a lot of difficulties to foresee the performance scenarios for a temporal range of about 8 years (i.e. Aerodynamics or Safety). Marketing asks to the customer for a big effort of imagination (about 6 years). To face these problems we have to adopt new approaches for the future product development, in particular we require the development of tools and methodologies that enable the:

  • Product Engineering to explore several possible solutions, produce realistic product evaluations (customer point of view), accurate simulation of product performances and an efficient Products Lifecycle Management
  • Process Engineering to produce reliable feasibility studies, estimation of time and methods operations, Operator Comfort evaluation, time and quality optimization for the production line

The methodologies based on the CAx tools allow to:

  • Simulate digitally the whole Product and Process in order to reduce the risk in the decisional process during the product development.
  • Evaluate the Product (Functions and Process view) digitally without building PMU and reducing the amount of design validation by means of hardware.

These methods contribute to reach a competitive Time To Market (world class), to explore a wide range of alternative solutions for the new model, to execute a Performance Optimisation and finally to obtain a high confidence decisional process for technical and customer specifications in a clear competitive scenario.


Currently University Lector (bitr.) of Solid Mechanics with emphasis on vascular tissue biomechanics at the department of Solid Mechanics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden. Past Research Associate at Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden. 2001-2004 Research Associate at Computational Biomechanics at the Institute for Structural Analysis, Graz University of Technology, Austria.

Graduate from Graz University of Technology, Austria, Ph D from Graz University of Technology, Austria, and docent degree from Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden.

Research topics: finite strain continuum mechanics, analytic and experimental biomechanics with emphasize on vascular tissue, constitutive modeling of anisotropic solids at finite strains, localization of strain softening materials, crack tracking methods, Medical image reconstruction,
biomechanical modeling of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, and nonlinear finite element methods applied to relevant clinical applications in general.

A simulation based diagnostic system for the abdominal aortic aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are pathological enlargements of the aorta in the stomach area and represent a significant health problem worldwide, not least because of the ageing population. AAAs constitute examples of expansive vascular remodeling, the natural history of which includes progressive enlargement, and possible rupture if left untreated.
Intervention is indicated by the likelihood of aneurysm rupture, which is, according to the current clinical practice, estimated from the formation's maximum diameter and/or expansion rate. Although this rupture risk assessments works relatively well in general, it is known to fail often in individual patients, and hence under controversial clinical and scientific discussions.
Accurate rupture risk assessment is critical to avoid unnecessary interventions, and recent research demonstrated that patient specific computer simulations can provide reliable indications of aneurysm rupture. Likewise, detailed biomechanical simulations might provide field variables particularly useful to uncover mechanisms of AAA genesis and enlargement in general. The present paper demonstrates the development of a simulation based diagnostic system for routinely clinical applications. The integration of especially developed segmentation techniques and grid generation algorithms enables fast derivation of structural and hemodynamic models of patient specific formations. Results achieved with the proposed system underline its clinical applicability, and apart from that the system facilitates fast and detailed investigations of vascular lesions in general, a requirement for a fundamental pathological understanding of cardiovascular diseases.

Professor Emeritus of Structural Engineering at the Technical University (Politecnico) of Milan, Italy. Rector, International Centre of Mechanical Sciences, Udine, Italy

Master in mechanical engineering, University of Trieste; "specialization" (Ph.D.) in aerospace engineering, University of Rome, both "cum laude".

Research contributions to:
structural plasticity (shakedown theory and methods; extremum properties of solutions); structural design optimization by mathematical programming; constitutive parameter identification by inverse analyses, in particular by Kalman filters; boundary element methods, in particular based on Galerkin symmetric formulations; quasi-brittle fracture mechanics; diagnostic analysis of structures based on non-destructive testing and simulation; mechanics of composites and micro-systems; structural engineering problems, in particular concerning tension structures, offshore pipelines and concrete dams.

Author or co-author of about 260 papers; co-author or co-editor of 9 monographs and books.

Editorial board member of 19 international scientific journals. Former Editor of "Meccanica" and Associate Editor of "European Journal of Mechanics A/Solids".

Inverse Analysis Procedures for Mechanical Characterization of Materials and Diagnosis of Structures
The main practical purpose of computational mechanics is to provide methods and tools for predictive simulations of the responses of structural systems to external actions. In many engineering applications, especially to possibly damaged existing structures, a crucial requirement for reliable modelling is a realistic and accurate input in terms of constitutive models and relevant parameters.
This communication is intended to evidence practical advantages provided by innovative synergistic combinations of experiments and their computer modelling for the assessment of (possibly deteriorated) material properties through minimization of a suitable discrepancy norm between measured quantities and their counterparts computed as implicit functions of the sought parameters.
Such minimization (often non convex and nonsmooth) can be performed either by traditional mathematical programming algorithms, or, as a recent development, by soft computing.
In this context soft computing includes evolutionary genetic algorithms and artificial neural networks. Artificial neural networks (suitably trained and tested, once for all) and the novel technique called "proper orthogonal decomposition" provide computational tools for inexpensive and robust inverse analyses susceptible to be carried out in situ by small computers.
The applications to real-life engineering problems presented as illustrative examples concern steel components of industrial plants (pipelines for example), micromechanical devices and large concrete dams.

Carmelo Majorana is full professor of Structural Mechanics at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Padua. He is Head of the Department of Structural and Transportation Engineering at the same University and President of the Center for Teaching Research and Advanced Formation at Ca'? Foscari University of Venice. In 2003, he has been co-coordinator of a scientific international advanced seminar on heat effects on concrete at CISM in Udine. Prof. Majorana is author or co-author of more than 200 papers, half in journals, book chapters, invited and keynote lectures and the others in proceedings of international conferences. His research fields are: non-linear solid and structural analysis (thermo-mechanical processes, mechanical behaviour of saturated and unsaturated porous media, thermo-elastic and thermo-elastic-plastic including gaseous phase, multiphase concrete models under normal and high temperature conditions); dynamic and evolutionary analyses of three-dimensional solid and structures of elastic-damaged and elastic-plastic material, with unilateral contact. He has been researcher and/or coordinator of various European Research Projects among which BRITE EURAM II: HITECO, MAECENAS, UPTUN, NEWCON and he is referee of various International Committees. He is referee of various international journals and develops activity of project selection at national and international level

Analysis of Vibration Phenomena in Solar Receivers of Parabolic-Trough Concentrators, induced by Pressure and Flow Rate Variations of yhe Refrigeration Fluid and the Solar Flux, by a Nonlinear Dynamics Approach
Absorbing tubes covered by selective coating suitably insulated from surrounding environment and located in focal position, are used as absorbing system of the mirror concentrated radiation in solar trough power plants based on parabolic-trough collector systems. During one of the tests on commercial receivers conducted at ENEA PCS plant, the setting of a vibration phenomenon of the line has been observed for the time period of maximum insulation, particularly severe in a specific receiver. Such a vibration, de-focalizing the collector but maintaining the refrigerating fluid in motion, is rapidly damped. In this paper a numerically based work to minimise or even eliminate the occurrence of such vibration phenomenon, dangerous for the insulating coat of the receiver, is presented. Gravitational load and transverse thermal gradient induce a bending deformation of the line, which is sensible to the pressure variation and to the fluid flow rate, due the circulation pump and to the valves. Moreover, the consequent oscillation should alter the flux impacting on the receiver with a further variation of the transverse thermal gradient on the line. First of all it has been performed an estimate of the frequencies of vibration and related modal shapes of the line; then a linear dynamic model has been developed based on Newmark algorithm, evaluating step-by-step the stresses induced by the fluid as a function of the local curvature. Such a model has been implemented in Cast3m finite element code. Sinusoidal variations of the fluid velocity and pressure have been assumed in the analyses. It has been posed a particular attention to the space-time discretization and to the damping. The obtained results show how even small flow rate and pressure variations are able to activate the vibration and more sensibly as far as the transverse thermal gradient increases. However, an underestimation of the maximum amplitude results and this induced to deeply investigate on the aspects not yet modelled. In this context, a more general approach has been selected, based on a fully nonlinear dynamic beam theories, allowing for the study of the mechanical behaviour of systems of beams based on the hypotheses of large strains, displacements and rotations. The approach is based on the imposition of the equilibrium in functional form, employing linearization procedures leading to geometrical and material tangent stiffness. Such a procedure allowed to obtain a more realistic reconstruction of the observed phenomena in the absorbing pipes of the solar trough power system.


Dean: Faculty of Engineering, University of Liverpool

Ieuan Owen began his engineering career with the UK Ministry of Defence as a Student Engineer on a five year training programme. He attended Cardiff University from where he graduated in 1977 with a first class honours degree in Mechanical Engineering. After completing his training he returned to Cardiff University to carry out research for his PhD, which he was awarded in 1982. Following a brief spell as a postdoctoral researcher he joined the academic staff in the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Liverpool in 1983. There he rose through he ranks, becoming a professor in 1997. He was appointed Head of the Department of Engineering in 1997 and Dean of the Faculty in 2002. His research area is in fluid mechanics and heat transfer, where he has published over 100 technical papers and supervised 25 PhD students. A major part of his current research is the effect of ship airwakes on helicopter-ship operations; this work is supported by UK Research Councils, the UK Ministry of Defence, and AgustaWestland.

Virtual Engineering of the Helicopter-Ship Dynamic Interface
This paper is concerned with simulating the highly dangerous and demanding task of landing a helicopter onto a ship at sea. The helicopter flight dynamics has been modelled using a multi-body dynamics modelling and simulation environment. The unsteady complex air flow over the ship'' superstructure is modelled using Computational Fluid Dynamics, taking into account a realistic ship geometry, the Earth's bundary layer, and different wind strengths and directions. The helicopter flight dynamics and the airwake are brought together in a motion-base flight simulator which allows a pilot to land a helicopter onto a ship under conditions that are shown to be highly representative of the real experience, holding out the prospect that flight simulation can be used to determine the at-sea conditions under which it is safe to land a helicopter on a ship, and to also provide a safe and realistic environment for pilot training.

Umberto Perego since 2001 is full professor of Structural Mechanics at the Faculty of Industrial Engineering of the Politecnico di Milano. He is currently the Coordinator of the CCOSMM (Centre for Computational Structural and Material Mechanics) at the Politecnico di Milano. In the period 2000-2004 he has been the Chairman of the Italian Group of Computational Mechanics (GIMC) and he is now member of  the General Council of the International Association of Computational Mechanics (IACM). From 2001 to 2006 is has been Associate Editor of the European Journal of Mechanics A/Solids. He now belongs to Editorial Board of the same journal. In 2002 he has been awarded the "Bruno Finzi" Prize for rational mechanics by the Istituto Lombardo Accademia di Scienze e Lettere. In 2008 he has been elected Fellow of the International Association for Computational Mechanics.

He has spent several periods on study and research abroad (1985 University of Cape Town, 1987/88 Brown University (RI-USA), 1996-2000, 2006 LMT Cachan (France)). He is co-author of more than 80 papers. His research interests are in the field of the computational mechanics of materials and structures. Recent projects concern the simulation of fracture propagation in concrete dams, the mechanical characterization of adhesives for civil applications, the material characterization and simulation of the opening process of food packages.

Computational mechanics simulations of the forming process of carton packages for beverages
Food packaging is a fast growing industry, addressing a very basic demand for safe and economical food distribution, driven in developing countries by an increase in availability and spending power, and in the North American and Western European markets by a demand for both healthy and convenient packaged food, as well as premium foods. Among the different types of packaged foods, a prominent place is occupied by carton packaged beverages. In 2007 Tetra Pak, the leading company in this market, delivered more than 137 billion packages worldwide ? that?s 4344 packages of food or drink each second.
Growing competition and increasing quality standards require a continuing dedication to the development of new technologies to make the package forming process faster and safer. Nowadays, in a modern production line, almost ten thousand packages per hour are normally produced. The computer simulation of the production process is a key ingredient for the successful and economical implementation of these new technologies.
Our research activity has been focused on the numerical simulation of the mechanical process of forming carton packages for beverages. The complexity of the process involves several aspects at the frontline of the research in computational mechanics: large displacements and rotations of shells, contact, fracture, fluid structure interaction. We are currently developing a finite element tool for the simulation of the folding process of the carton web along pre-formed crease lines and for the simulation of the interaction between the container and the filling liquid.

Vassili Toropov is a Professor of Aerospace and Structural Engineering, a joint appointment between the Schools of Civil and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Leeds, UK. He came to Leeds in 2006 from Altair Engineering, one of the leading CAE software development and consulting companies with a world-wide presence.
Professor Toropov's research interests are in multidisciplinary optimization, metamodelling, design of experiments, evolutionary optimization, computational mechanics and stochastic analysis and optimization leading to a variety of aerospace, automotive, offshore and structural engineering applications. During his time in industry, Professor Toropov kept close contacts with academia as a visiting professor at the universities of Southampton and Bradford. In his previous academic career he had permanent and visiting appointments at Bradford University (UK), Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands), Hiroshima University (Japan), Technical University of Denmark and Gorky University (Russia).
Professor Toropov is Vice President of the International Society for Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (ISSMO), Chairman of the Association for Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization in the UK, a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Multidisciplinary Optimization and Non-Deterministic Approaches Technical Committees and is a co-editor of the Springer's Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization journal.

Robust Design Optimization of Engineering Systems
The future of industrial design optimization is robust design optimization whereby a design is optimized for real world conditions and not just for one particular set of idealised nominal conditions. There is no practical point trying to get to the peak of a mountain to get the best view when a slight gust of wind can blow you off. A practical strategy would be to find the highest little plateau where, on the one hand, the view is unaffected and, on the other hand, you have enough space not to lose your footing. The same is true for engineering design: there is no point in coming up with a design which is optimized for a set of ideal conditions when in reality there exists uncertainty in the materials, manufacturing and operating conditions. This presentation gives an overview of techniques used for simultaneous optimization of the robustness of a design and its performance which is similar to finding the plateau (that lies as high as possible) rather than the peak.

In many industrial applications a direct application of Monte Carlo simulation linked to a high fidelity simulation would be prohibitively computationally expensive. Therefore, a practical process is suggested that is based on

  • creation of metamodels of the responses defining the optimization problem as functions of design variables and uncontrollable (stochastic) variables,
  • check of their quality and
  • use of them for both solving an optimization problem and the Monte Carlo simulation within an optimization run.

The stochastic optimization process is illustrated by several examples including:

  • demonstration of the design optimisation and probabilistic assessment of a vented airbag landing system for the ExoMars space mission 2013
  • design of an automotive knee bolster system where the design is optimized to account for different sized occupants, impact locations, material variation and manufacturing variation.

Marco Viceconti has a MS in engineering from the University of Bologna and a PhD from the University of Firenze. He started his research career in the USA, where he worked as visiting researcher at the University of Florida and at the University of Wisconsin. Since 1989 he works at the Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli in Bologna, Italy, where he is currently the Technical Director of the Medical Technology Lab. He is also the Director of the BioComputing Competence Centre, a private no-profit organisation established in partnership with the CINECA supercomputing centre. His main research interests are related to the development and validation of medical technology. In his career he published over 200 papers, 140 of which are indexed in Medline. He serves as reviewer for 17 international scientific journals, including Journal of Biomechanics, Medical engineering & Physics, and Clinical biomechanics, for which he is also member of the Editorial Board, and for various grant agencies, including the European Commission. He served as President of the European Society of Biomechanics and as member of the Council of the European Alliance for Medical and Biological Engineering and Science (EAMBES). He is the promoter and animator of community initiatives such as the Europhysiome initiative <>, and the Biomed Town community <>. He is currently the coordinator of the VPHOP integrated project, a large European research consortium that is developing simulation-based technology for predicting the risk of bone fracture in osteoporosis patients.

The Future of CAE in computer aided medicine: the Virtual Physiological Human initiative
The current CAE technology has been developed to solve the problems of a few reference industries (aerospace, automotive). In the last few years some effort are being made by leading companies to tackle new markets by developing products that are specialised on the needs of that particular industrial segment. The scope of this presentation is to critically revise the available CAE technologies and to suggest possible directions to make them more effective in the context of computer aided medicine. This will be done firstly targeting conventional biomechanics modelling problems such as the design of implantable medical devices, or body-level or organ-level biomechanical modelling. Secondly we shall describe the new challenges that are emerging from the so-called Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) initiative, with particular reference to multiscale modelling, and interdisciplinary postprocessing.
We shall show that while the first group of applications can be addressed by ?evolutionary? tools, obtained by adapting current CAE technology in combination with some domain-specific methods, the VPH research will require ?revolutionary? tools and methods, which in the long run might even bring back innovation to industrial engineering applications.

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